This article is about what loud sounds are capable of to the human body and the importance of proper equipment. The article goes onto to speak on the effect it has on our ears which is something called Tinnitus. Tinnitus causes a permanent uncomfortable ringing sound with or without present audio. This happens when someone is frequently at any session that involves extremely loud music or being a musician who is constantly around loud music. Although music does not necessarily have to be played at a level, which is detrimental to the ear and brain, there are a few occasions where it still happens and without proper protection by earplugs, you can develop a neurological problem, which is how Tinnitus comes about.

Tinnitus to be exact is not a problem associated with your eardrums, it originates in your brain, and is a miscommunication between noise-damaged sensory cells and the drums, which results in a continuous, ringing sound in the ears. Tinnitus is permanent because once these sensitive hair cells are damaged; they cannot transfer impulses to the auditory nerve as well as to the brain. Millions of people suffer from the irreversible damage to the ear and is quite the shame, as they cannot continue regular activities due to a lack of knowledge or a big of negligence towards getting proper ear gears. Despite musicians and people who frequently attend musical sessions, others who are heavily affected by this are people that fought in wars, construction sites or around explosions.

In the quote, the author explains that earplugs do not block out an artist vocals, just the dangerously high frequencies. The most dangerous frequencies come from the apparatus used in sound production or playback and other bad feedback and take away from the vocals. After extensive research, there are some noise cancelling earplugs that reduce low frequencies, and absorb material for high frequencies. Link->

Music is played very loud at music venues, especially at West Indian or African events due to their nature of high-pitched instruments. Music sound levels aren’t suppose to be louder than 95 decibels as this creates risk of losing your hearings. Generally, people in today’s society general enjoy louder music because it’s promoted as “louder is better” which isn’t necessarily true it just makes it easier to find out key differences in production but it can be enjoyed low as well. Honestly, I believe a greater effort is needed and can be done in audio today and how it is executed. We are in the technology era, and engineers are more than capable of creating sound producing speakers friendly to the era and entertainment agencies can do more to make sure the implementation of playing levels for general public is adhered to, who in today’s society is going to purchase a pair of ear plugs before their event or make sure they are not situated beside the speaker. ?


The article speaks of a whale that has a sound that measures up to 52 hertz, which is much louder than other whales. The interesting thing about this whale is that it has never been caught but is heard by humans every year because of how loud its call is. The only known fact of the whale in particular is that it lives in the Pacific Ocean and ventures from Alaska to Mexico annually.

The science of this story is that whales make sounds for various reasons. Various reasons such as: navigation, hunting, communication, and for a few species they make calls when seeking a mate. These sounds can travel thousands of miles through the ocean. It is still a bit confusing as to why the whales cannot seem to communicate with this as it could be a plethora of factors as to why it differentiates from the rest. This suggests that this whale is not communicating with any of the other whale species found in that part of the world. Scientists use Hydrophones are used to listen to whale calls.

The number 52 refers to the amount of hertz these sounds measure up to when picked up by hydrophones. According to the article, 52 hertz is unheard of when it comes to whales or any animal at that, since whales are the loudest animals on earth. Most whales communicate at 15-20 hertz according to what the human ear can hear, which is almost imperceptible.                                                                                                                                 There are a few reasons why people gravitate to the story of this whale. Many people are emphatic for this whale because of its communication issues; others are fascinated with the idea of trying to find this whale; for purposes of recreation and or research   Finally many in today’s society can also relate to the feeling of being lonely and how detrimental it is and are easily gravitated to it’s story.

The author’s quote in my honest understanding simply means, that in today’s vast avenues of social networking people are even more isolated because you do not necessarily have to be in a crowd to converse or be completely understood. However, at the same time you don’t actually know who you’re dealing with, this relates to the whale he’s in this vast area (in comparison to the internet) and is reaching out to everyone but just can’t seem to get the desired response so in an ocean full of so many, It’s all alone.

Singing In The Rain

In a nutshell, the film “singing in the rain” is basically about the journey through which the film industry had to take to get where it is today. The film showcases the very beginning where movies had no audio and the color was strictly black and white, with captions as the narrations for you to follow the story line.

Don and Lina are famous that are known for their excellent work in silent films, which was a bit short lived until people begun to get bored with just moving pictures and saw the need for “talking pictures” which they could interact with. It became quite a challenge for them because they were a bit unclear of how to even get the audio in as well as how to make it coherent with what’s going on.

What I learnt from the history of filmmaking was that, there will always be need for innovation in whatever we do; back in the day a silent film was seen as a miraculous thing until the consumers got bored and then they added voice with the moving pictures and made it all coherent with the screen play. As time went by consumers wanted more, they wanted plots, fantasies, special effects, and different genres of screenplay such as horror, comedy, action etc. Then there’s where we are today with 3D or three-dimensional films and in the words virtual reality, just leaves us to wonder what will they come with next?

In the picture/scene the film director is having issues recording the voices of the actors. Firstly, Lina was talking but heard voice was not being properly recorded by the hidden mic. She then tried to talk while moving but her voice would only be recorded if she faced the bush. The director then got frustrated and decided to hide the mic on her dress so that they can hear her properly. Thus, even then the sound was still a distorted, the director tried effortlessly to get the mic to properly record of Lina’s voice.

What I would’ve done was set the scene in a way that one side of her face wasn’t showing so that I could connect the microphone to that unrevealed side of her face which would ensure clarity and guarantee that we have every piece of vocal so what doesn’t come out properly can be worked on to the best of our ability in the studio or production of the actual film.

Hildegard Westerkamp –

Hildegard Westerkamp is a composer, radio artist, and what she calls a “sound ecologist”. Sound ecology refers to her study of soundscapes. Soundscapes are basically all the sounds of your surroundings, meaning everything from rural area sounds to the hustle and bustle of urban life.

A sound walk is a form of active participation in the SOUNDSCAPE. Though the variations are many, the essential purpose of the sound walk is to encourage the participant to listen discriminatively, and moreover, to make critical judgments about the sounds heard and their contribution to the balance or imbalance of the sonic environment. Its purpose is to explore sounds that are related to the environment, and, on the other hand, to become aware of one’s own sounds (voice, footsteps, etc.) in the environmental context. A sound walk may be scored in the form of a map which the participant uses both to guide the route and draw attention to features of acoustic interest. The map may also act as a score, directing the performer’s listening and sound making activities in a way that is not limited to a specific locale.

Westerkamp, made the statement “Soundscape recordings are excerpts of moments in time, nothing else,” because she believes that recording our surroundings at a specific moment in time can have the same effect as a video memory, photo graph or even a written memory, Which seems a bit logical. If we can use all our other senses as a form of storing memories why not our ear and keen listening ability to distinguish sounds and store a memory into it.

At first I found her work a bit weird, a little extreme. Honestly, imagining myself aimlessly wondering around just to record and mediate to some sounds that I never took the time out to listen was a bit absurd. Then, giving it a second thought, I reside in NYC and if I were to go to Manhattan for a day just to roam and listen I might be surprised as to what actually is going on that I never took notice of, for e.g. The mixture of horns, chatter, machinery, etc. may actually be pleasing to my soul, who knows?


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